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Nigeria set to introduce pneumonia vaccine on Dec 15 - News - Nursesarena Forum

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Nigeria set to introduce pneumonia vaccine on Dec 15 by Idowu Olabode : December 12, 2014, 11:15:24 AM
ALL is now set for the introduction of the Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV10) into the Nigerian routine immunization schedule.

The introduction of PCV 10, according to stakeholders, is to contribute to the attainment of the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 4, which focuses on reduction in child morbidity and mortality associated with pneumococcal related diseases.

With the planned introduction of the vaccine on December 15, all children under one year of age would be vaccinated with three doses of PCV10.

The introduction of the vaccine, according to figures released by the National Primary Healthcare Development Agency (NPHCDA), would avert additional 486,957 deaths of children over a six-year period nationwide.

Last week stakeholders comprising the NPHCDA, the Nigerian Medical Association (NMA), Christian Association of Nigeria (CAN), Da’awah Coordinating Council of Nigeria (DCCN), World Health Organization (WHO), Federal of Muslim Women Associations in Nigeria (FOMWAN), United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), Clinton Health Access Initiative (CHAI), state health education officers from the 12 PCV introducing states, among others, met in Kaduna and agreed on the need to introduce the PCV 10 into the Nigerian routine immunization schedule.

They threw their support behind the strategy for the introduction of the vaccine as outlined by the NPHCDA and partners, and agreed to use their structures to promote the vaccine.

On its part, the Nigerian Medical Association (NMA) pledged to include issues about the vaccines introduction and routine immunization in its regular continuous medical education (CME).

The Association also agreed to encourage sanction of any member who practices contrary to the standards of the Medical and Dental Council of Nigeria (MDCN) in the area of immunization, and also advocate to primary health care providers to comply with the national immunization guidelines.

The doctors also resolved to strengthen the state health team for effective delivery of immunization services.

At a media orientation session on the introduction of the vaccine, the need to strengthen information on the availability of the vaccine was also stressed.

According to the Director Communication and Advocacy at NPHCDA, Dr. Adamu Nuhu, the objectives of the media session was to improve the knowledge and skills of participants in designing  effective health programmes with focus on Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) and Routine Immunization (RI);  improve the health reporting and programming skills of participants; and develop media action plan to support the introduction of PCV and RI.
He gave further insights into the ailment. Nuhu stressed:

“Pneumococcus (otherwise known as Streptococcus pneumoniae) is a gram-positive bacterium that causes a group of diseases known as Pneumococcal disease. The bacterium is a normal resident of human naso-pharynx in healthy individuals.It has the potential to cause infection which could be mild such as in middle ear infection (otitis media), sinusitis and bronchitis or severe as in pneumonia, meningitis, and bacteremia.“

There are over 90 known serotypes with varied potential to cause disease by geographic region of the world as well as by age. However, relatively few serotypes are associated with severe disease in children.

The 13 most common serotypes of pneumococcus cause 80 per cent to 93 per cent of serious pneumococcal disease in children worldwide.

He said children under five years of age (especially those less than two) and the elderly, were most at risk of developing and dying from pneumococcal disease.

WHO estimates that over 800,000 children under five years of age die from pneumococcal disease each year with those less than two years of age, especially in developing countries, being most at risk.

According to available statistics, in Nigeria, pneumonia alone claims the lives of approximately 177,000 under-five children annually, this account for 16 per cent of all deaths within this age group.

Case fatality rates may be up to 20 per cent for pneumonia, and as high as 50 per cent for meningitis.

Pneumococcus may then spreadfrom the nostrils and throat to the blood stream causing bacteraemia and then infect distant sites such as the meninges (liningof the brain) causing meningitis .

The pneumococcal vaccine encourages the body to produce antibodies against pneumococcal bacteria.

Seen as one of the ten countries globally with the greatest burden of pneumococcal disease, Nigeria is stepping up confidence building among stakeholders in vaccines and immunication.


« Last Edit: December 12, 2014, 11:57:48 AM by Idowu Olabode »

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